A concept is traditionally defined via the necessary and sufficient conditions that clearly determine its extension. By contrast, cognitive views of concepts intend to account for empirical data that show that categorisation under a concept presents typicality effects and a certain degree of indeterminacy. We propose a formal language to compactly represent concepts by leveraging on weighted logical formulas. In this way, we can model the possible synergies among the qualities that are relevant for categorising an object under a concept. We show that our proposal can account for a number of views of concepts such as the prototype theory and the exemplar theory. Moreover, we show how the proposed model can overcome some limitations of cognitive views.
Representing concepts by weighted formulas
Contributo in atti di convegno
Springfield, Amsterdam , Paesi Bassi
IOS Press, Amsterdam, NLD
The 10th International Conference on Formal Ontology in Information Systems, FOIS 2018, pp. 55–68, Cape Town, South Africa, 17-21/9/2018
info:cnr-pdr/source/autori:Masolo C.; Porello D./congresso_nome:The 10th International Conference on Formal Ontology in Information Systems, FOIS 2018/congresso_luogo:Cape Town, South Africa/congresso_data:17-21/9/2018/anno:2018/pagina_da:55/pagina_a:68/i