Despite the similar transparency of their orthographies, reading in Italian has been found to be affected by frequency but not age of acquisition (AoA) [Barca, L., Burani, C., & Arduino, L. S. (2002). Word naming times and psycholinguistic norms for Italian nouns. Behaviour Research Methods, Instruments and Computers, 34, 424-434] while reading in Spanish is affected by AoA but not frequency [Cuetos, F., & Barbon, A. (2006). Word naming in Spanish. European Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 18, 415-436]. We examined this cross-linguistic difference, firstly, through a reanalysis of the Italian and Spanish reading latencies. After eliminating several between-experiment differences, we replicated the AoA effect in Spanish but not in Italian and the frequency effect in Italian but not in Spanish. The cross-linguistic comparison could not equate stimulus imageability; therefore, secondly, we compared the Italian reading latencies with new Spanish reading latencies for imageabilitymatched words. We found frequency effects but neither an AoA effect nor a language by AoA interaction. We argue that the previously reported cross-linguistic difference in the AoA effect resulted from a between-study difference in stimulus imageability. More imageable words induced more semantic involvement in reading, yielding an AoA effect in Spanish.
Reading in Spanish and Italian: Effects of age of acquisition in transparent orthographies?
Psychology Press,, [Hove] , Regno Unito
The quarterly journal of experimental psychology (2006. Print) 67 (2014): 1808–1825. doi:10.1080/17470218.2013.872155
info:cnr-pdr/source/autori:Davies, Rob; Wilson, Maximiliano; Cuetos, Fernando; Burani, Cristina/titolo:Reading in Spanish and Italian: Effects of age of acquisition in transparent orthographies?/doi:10.1080/17470218.2013.872155/rivista:The quarterly journ