Positional behavior and substrate use in wild adult bearded capuchin monkeys (Sapajus libidinosus)

Natural selection for positional behavior (posture and locomotion) has at least partially driven the evolution of anatomical form and function in the order Primates. Examination of bipedal behaviors associated with daily activity patterns, foraging, and terrestrial habitat use in nonhuman primates, particularly those that adopt bipedal postures and use bipedal locomotion, allows us to refine hypotheses concerning the evolution of bipedalism in humans. This study describes the positional behavior of wild bearded capuchins (Sapajus libidinosus), a species that is known for its use of terrestrial substrates and its habitual use of stones as tools. Here, we test the association of terrestrial substrate use with bipedal posture and locomotion, and the influence of sex (which co-varies with body mass in adults of this species) on positional behavior and substrate use. Behavior and location of 16 wild adult bearded capuchins from two groups were sampled systematically at 15 s intervals for 2 min periods for 1 year (10,244 samples). Despite their different body masses, adult males (average 3.5 kg) and females (average 2.1 kg) in this study did not differ substantially in their positional behaviors, postures, or use of substrates for particular activities. The monkeys used terrestrial substrates in 27% of samples. Bipedal postures and behaviors, while not a prominent feature of their behavior, occurred in different forms on the two substrates. The monkeys crouched bipedally in trees, but did not use other bipedal postures in trees. While on terrestrial substrates, they also crouched bipedally but occasionally stood upright and moved bipedally with orthograde posture. Bearded capuchin monkeys' behavior supports the suggestion from anatomical analysis that S. libidinosus is morphologically better adapted than its congeners to adopt orthograde postures.

Publication type: 
Author or Creator: 
Wright, Kristin A.
Biondi, Luiz
Visalberghi, Elisabetta
Ma, Ziyang
Izar, Patricia
Fragaszy, Dorothy
A.R. Liss,, New York , Stati Uniti d'America
American journal of primatology (Print) 81 (2019). doi:10.1002/ajp.23067
info:cnr-pdr/source/autori:Wright, Kristin A.; Biondi, Luiz; Visalberghi, Elisabetta; Ma, Ziyang; Izar, Patricia; Fragaszy, Dorothy/titolo:Positional behavior and substrate use in wild adult bearded capuchin monkeys (Sapajus libidinosus)/doi:10.1002/ajp.2
Resource Identifier: