Physiological aging impacts the hemispheric balances of resting state primary somatosensory activities

To hone knowledge of sensorimotor cerebral organization changes with physiological aging, we focused on the primary somatosensory cortical area (S1). S1 neuronal pools (FS-S1) were identified by the functional source separation (FSS) algorithm applied to magnetoencephalographic recordings during median nerve stimulation. Age-dependence of FS-S1 was then studied at rest separately in the left and right hemispheres of 26 healthy, right-handed subjects between the ages of 24 and 95 years. The resting state FS-S1 spectral features changed with increasing age: (1) alpha activity slowed down; (2) total power increased only in the right hemisphere; (3) right>left interhemispheric asymmetry increased in the whole spectrum; (4) spectral entropy increased with age selectively in the left hemisphere. The present FSS-enriched electrophysiological procedure provided measures of resting state hand representation area sensitive to changes with age. Alterations were stronger in the right hemisphere. Relationships between resting state S1 activity and its responsiveness to external stimuli, revealed that the interhemispheric unbalances which emerged with age were conceivably due to an increased excitability within the right thalamocortical circuit impacting left versus right unbalances of spontaneous firing rates and of local inhibitory-excitatory networks. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.

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Cottone, Carlo
Tomasevic, Leo
Porcaro, Camillo
Filligoi, Giancarlo Carlo
Tecchio, Franca
Human Sciences Press,, [New York, NY , Paesi Bassi
Brain topography 26 (2013): 186–199. doi:10.1007/s10548-012-0240-3
info:cnr-pdr/source/autori:Cottone, Carlo; Tomasevic, Leo; Porcaro, Camillo; Filligoi, Giancarlo Carlo; Tecchio, Franca/titolo:Physiological aging impacts the hemispheric balances of resting state primary somatosensory activities/doi:10.1007/s10548-012-02
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Franca Tecchio's picture
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