Gender and Poverty: analysis of gender roles, dependence and vulnerability profiles

This contribution regards an analysis of gender-related role models and their relevance to poverty. Data were collected using a semi-structured questionnaire.
Poverty as a function of gender is interpreted in this paper in regards to the interrelation between economic disadvantages inherent in the systems of integration and social exclusion, with special reference to the family and the labour market. From this point of view, the concept of female dependency represents a strategic concept that may be broken down into the dimensions of:
- economic (income source);
- material (non economic help in the management of the family).
It will be shown how gender has a statistically significant weight in the distribution of a greater or lesser degree of dependency. Economic dependency and material dependency may be related to two empirical typological indexes, which summarize a set of semantically relevant indicators. We also constructed an additional index of economic hardship, which summarizes specific indicators.
In addition to gender profiles, the analysis takes into account specific categories of women, focusing attention on subjects that are potentially vulnerable to poverty (elderly women, women with precarious jobs and divorcees) and defining their specific profiles.

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Contributo in atti di convegno
Author or Creator: 
Antonella Rissotto
Maurizio Norcia
Angelita Castellani
International Consortium for Social Development (ICSD) - "XVII International conference: Good Governance: Building Knowledge for Social Development Worldwide", Dhaka (BANGLADESH), 3-7/01/2011
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