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Raffaele Calabretta

Email:
raffaele.calabretta@istc.cnr.it
Telephone: 
+ 39 06 44595227
Fax: 
+ 39 06 44595243
Address: 

Via San Martino della Battaglia 44 - 00185 Rome - Italy

Profile

Position: 
Researcher
Short profile: 

Raffaele Calabretta has been a permanent researcher of the Italian National Research Council since 1988 and, from 2002 to 2008, held the position of a member of the Institute Committee of the Institute of Cognitive Sciences and Technologies
(former Institute of Psychology) of the Italian National Research Council in Rome.

Starting from September 2016, he has been an Associate Professor of Psychology of Communication (International Telematic University UNINETTUNO, Rome). From 2000 to 2004, he was a Professor of Educational Technologies at University of L'Aquila Faculty of Educational Science.

From 1998 to 2002, he was a member of the Center of Computational Ecology (Yale University), and since 2001 he has been an affiliate of the New England Complex Systems Institute (Cambridge, MA). In 1997 he spent one sabbatical year as post-doctoral fellow at Yale University Department of Biology (Gunter Wagner, former chair of the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology)); in 2000 and 2002 he went back to Yale as visiting fellow at the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology and of Psychology (Frank Keil, chair of the Department of Psychology; Calabretta et al., 2008), and in 2010 as visiting scholar at the Department of Psychology). His project was “the first example where the origin of modularity was simulated in a computational model, and led to the discovery of a new mechanism for the origin of functional modularity” (see, e.g., Calabretta et al., 2000; Calabretta et al., 2003; Calabretta, 2007).

In 2012 he was visiting scholar at Stanford (James Fishkin, chair of the Department of Communication, and of the Center for Deliberative Democracy; Fishkin & Calabretta, 2012) and is the developer of "doparie", a new intra-party decision-making method. In the spring of 2016 Calabretta returned to Stanford as a Visiting Scholar, and participated in and assisted with the organization of the first Deliberative Poll to be conducted among Stanford students in the campus. He has developed the concept of “doparie” in the books Il film delle emozioni (Gaffi, 2006) and Doparie, dopo le primarie (Nutrimenti, 2010). In 2011 he published the first scientific paper about doparie. In the first months of 2012, he and collaborators (researchers of Harvard Kennedy School of Government and of MIT) conducted the first experiment of online doparia (Klein, Spada & Calabretta, 2012; Iandoli et al., in press; abstract, pdf). 

Publications


Journal articles

   2014
Calabretta R. Adaptive agents in changing environments: the role of modularity. In: Neural Processing Letters, [Online First 14 May 2014]  image   image

   2013
Calabretta R. A novel's structure as a complex system. In: International Journal of Creativity & Problem Solving, vol. 23 (2) pp. 113 - 120. The Korean Association for Thinking Development, 2013.  image

   2011
Calabretta R. Doparies: A Novel Party Deliberative and Aggregative Decision-Making Mechanism to Improve the Quality of Representative Democracy. In: Sage Open, [Online First 29 December 2011]  image   image

   2010
Calabretta R. A hypertextual novel that dramatizes the process of its creation and proposes techniques to increase creativity. In: BIOLOGICAL THEORY, vol. 5 pp. 1 - 5. 2010.

   2008
Calabretta R., Di Ferdinando A., Parisi D., Keil F. C. How to learn multiple tasks. In: BIOLOGICAL THEORY, vol. 3 pp. 30 - 41. 2008.
Calabretta R. The movie of emotions: A novel's experimental modular structure that conveys scientific theories and research findings. In: Interjournal of Complex Systems, vol. 2287 2008.

   2007
Calabretta R. Genetic interference reduces the evolvability of modular and nonmodular visual neural networks. In: PHILOSOPHICAL TRANSACTIONS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF LONDON SERIES B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES, vol. 362 pp. 403 - 410. 2007.

   2005
Calabretta R. A module for emotions? Computer simulations to understand how and why our modular brain evolved. In: ATTI DELLA ACCADEMIA NAZIONALE DEI LINCEI RENDICONTI-CLASSE DI SCIENZE FISICHE-MATEMATICHE & NATURALI, vol. 112 pp. 247 - 268. 2005.

   2004
Calabretta R. Cos'ਠche fa emozionare lo spettatore?. In: Script, vol. 34 pp. 120 - 123. 2004.
Calabretta R., Di Ferdinando A., Parisi D. Ecological neural networks for object recognition and generalization. In: NEURAL PROCESSING LETTERS, vol. 19 pp. 37 - 48. 2004.

   2003
Calabretta R. Sintetizzare la complessità  biologica in un laboratorio di vita artificiale. In: Form@re - Newsletter per la Formazione in Rete, Erickson Portale Internet, vol. 18 2003.
Calabretta R. Un laboratorio di Vita Artificiale. In: Form@re - Newsletter per la Formazione in Rete, 2003.
Calabretta R., Di Ferdinando A., Wagner G., Parisi D. What does it take to evolve behaviorally complex organisms?. In: BIOSYSTEMS, vol. 69 pp. 245 - 262. 2003.

   2000
Calabretta R., Nolfi S., Parisi D., Wagner G. Duplication of modules facilitates the evolution of functional specialization. In: ARTIFICIAL LIFE, vol. 6 pp. 69 - 84. 2000.

Books/Monographs

   2010
Calabretta R. Doparie, dopo le primarie. Roma: Nutrimenti, 2010.

   2007
Calabretta R. Il film delle emozioni. Roma: Gaffi, 2007.

   2006
Calabretta R. Il film delle emozioni. Roma: Gaffi, 2006.

   2001
Di Ferdinando A., Calabretta R., Parisi D. Evolving modular architectures for neural networks. London: Springer Verlag, 2001.

Contribution to Book/Monograph

   2010
Calabretta R. Evolution, (sequential) learning and generalization in modular and nonmodular visual neural networks. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010.

   2009
Calabretta R. Evolution, (sequential) learning and generalization in modular and nonmodular visual neural networks. Cambridge, UK.: Cambridge University Press, 2009.

   2005
Calabretta R., Parisi D. Evolutionary Connectionism and Mind/Brain Modularity. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2005.
Wagner G. P., Mezey J., Calabretta R. Natural Selection and the origin of modules. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2005.

   2002
Calabretta R. Connessionismo evolutivo e origine della modularità. In: Scienze della Mente. A. Borghi e T. Iachini (eds.). Bologna, Il Mulino, 2002.
Calabretta R. Connessionismo evolutivo e origine della modularità . Bologna: Il Mulino, 2002.
Calabretta R. Genetic algorithms. Oxford, UK: Eolss Publishers, 2002.

   2000
Calabretta R., Nolfi S., Parisi D., Wagner G. P. An artificial life model for investigating the evolution of modularity. In Y. Bar-Yam, (ed.), Unifying Themes in Complex Systems, pp 103-113, Perseus Books, Cambridge, MA, USA. Cambridge, MA, USA.: Perseus Books, 2000.

Proceedings

   2012
Klein M., Spada P., Calabretta R. Enabling Deliberations in a Political Party Using Large-Scale Argumentation: A Preliminary Reports. In: coop2012 - 10th International Conference on the Design of Cooperative Systems. From research to practice: Results and open challenges. (Marseille, 29 May 2012). Proceedings, article n. 1. International Conference on the Design of Cooperative Systems, 2012.  image   image

   2007
Calabretta R. The movie of emotions: A novel's experimental modular structure that conveys scientific theories and research findings. In: International Conference on Complex Systems. (Boston, ). Proceedings, 2007.

   2005
Calabretta R. Un modulo per le emozioni? Le simulazioni al computer per capire come e perch੠si ਠevoluta la nostra mente modulare. In: Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei2005.

   2002
Calabretta R. An evo-devo approach to modularity of mind. In: International Conference on Complex Systems (Nashua, NH (USA), ). Proceedings, 2002.
Calabretta R. An evo-devo approach to modularity of mind. In: Abstract in the Proceedings of International Conference on Complex Systems (Cambridge, MA, ). Proceedings, New England Complex Systems Institute (ed.). 2002.
Calabretta R., Parisi D. Interferenza neurale e apprendimento sequenziale. In: Atti del Congresso Nazionale della Sezione di Psicologia SperimentaleNautilus (ed.). 2002.
Calabretta R., Di Ferdinando A., Keil F. C., Parisi D. Sequential learning in nonmodular neural networks. In: Special Workshop on Multidisciplinary Aspects of Learning (Clichy (Paris), ). Proceedings, 2002.
Calabretta R., Parisi D. Sequential learning in nonmodular neural networks. In: Abstract in the Proceedings of the Special Workshop on Multidisciplinary Aspects of Learning, European Society for the study of Cognitive Systems (Paris, France, Clichy, ). Proceedings, 2002.
Di Ferdinando A., Calabretta R., Keil F. C., Parisi D. Interferenza neurale e apprendimento sequenziale. In: Congresso Nazionale della Sezione di Psicologia Sperimentale (Rimini, ). Atti, 2002.

   2001
Calabretta R. Moduli neurocognitivi: il nuovo approccio del connessionismo evolutivo. In: Congresso Nazionale della Sezione di Psicologia Sperimentale (Sassari, ). Atti, 2001.

   2000
Di Ferdinando A., Calabretta R., Parisi D. Evoluzione di reti neurali modulari per compiti di. In: Congresso Nazionale della Sezione di Psicologia Sperimentale (Sassari, ). Atti, 2000.

Editorials

   2006
Nolfi S., Baldassarre G., Calabretta R., Hallam J., Marocco D., Meyer J., Miglino O., Parisi D. From Animals to Animats 9. 9th International Conference on Simulation of Adaptive Behavior, SAB 2006. Proceedings. p. .. S. Nolfi, G. Baldassarre, R. Calabretta, J. Hallam, D. Marocco, O. Miglino, J.-A. Meyer, D. Parisi (eds.). Springer, 2006.  image   image   image

Technical reports

   2012
Fishkin J., Calabretta R. Lesson to political parties: here is the method for really listening to citizen. Technical report, 2012.  image   image

   2003
Calabretta R., Di Ferdinando A., Keil F., Parisi D. How to learn multiple tasks. Altro. Internal note, 2003.
Calabretta R. Un lavoro da sogno. La formazione emotiva per creare lavori pi๠gratificanti e per migliorare le organizzazioni. Altro. Internal note, 2003.